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Gestational diabetes is a kind of diabetes that can happen during pregnancy. Like other kinds of diabetes, gestational diabetes is a condition in which your body has too much sugar (called glucose) in the blood.


Gestational diabetes usually goes away after you give birth. But if you have it in one pregnancy, you’re more likely to have it in your next pregnancy. You’re also more likely to develop diabetes later in life. Being active, eating healthy foods that are low in sugar and losing weight may help reduce your chances of developing diabetes later in life.


We test you for gestational diabetes with a prenatal test called a glucose tolerance test during the 24 to 28 weeks of pregnancy. However you may be asked to give you the test earlier if our Diabetologist thinks you are likely to develop gestational diabetes.


You may be more likely than other women to develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy if:


  • You’re 30 years old or older.
  • You’re overweight or you gained a lot of weight during pregnancy.
  • You have a family history of diabetes. This means that one or more of your family members has diabetes.
  • You had gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy.
  • In your last pregnancy, you gave birth to a baby who weighed more than 9 1/2 pounds or was stillborn.


Even women without any of these risk factors can develop gestational diabetes. This is why the health care team tests you during pregnancy to see if you have this condition.


Most of the time gestational diabetes can be controlled and treated during pregnancy to protect both mom and baby. If untreated it can cause serious health problems for you and your baby. If gestational diabetes is left untreated, your baby is more likely to:


  • Large Babies
  • Have birth defects
  • Have health complications after birth, including breathing problems, low blood sugar and jaundice
  • Stillborn
  • Preterm deliveries


It is extremely important to work with your healthcare team, who will help you manage and treat gestational diabetes.

There is no guarantee to preventing Gestational Diabetes, however the healthier habits you can adobt before pregnancy, the better. These healthy choices may also help you in reducing your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes in future.


  • Eat Healthy Foods– Choose foods high in fiber and low in fat. Focus on fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Our Bliss Nutritionists help you develop a healthy meal plan depending on your body requirement and lifestyle.
  • Keep Active- Exercising before and during pregnancy can help protect you against gestational diabetes. 30 min of moderate exercise can help you reach your goal. Our trained yoga therapist will help you design a specific exercise plan.
  • Loose excess kilograms before pregnancy- Weight loss during pregnancy is not recommended, however losing weight before your pregnancy may help you in a healthier pregnancy. A healthy diet and regular exercise will help you reach the goal. (See our Diet and exercise brochure for more information)


These few key points may help you in managing your sugars well during your pregnancy:


  • Knowing your blood sugar levels and keeping it under control
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Get a regular physical activity
  • Maintain a healthy weight gain
  • Keep records of your diet, physical activity and blood sugars
  • Take your medications as prescribed
  • Have your urine ketones and blood pressures as and when told by tour healthcare team