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Before people develop type 2 diabetes, there almost always is a stage called “prediabetes” — blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.


There are no clear symptoms of prediabetes, so, you may have it and not know it. Hence, blood glucose screening should begin at age 30-45 and be repeated at least every three years. Earlier and more frequent screening should be conducted in at-risk individuals.


Individuals who have a fasting plasma blood glucose in the 100-125 mg/dl range are defined as having impaired fasting glucose and at two-hours your blood glucose is 140-199 mg/dl, you have “impaired glucose tolerance”. Either of these conditions is termed as “pre-diabetes.” That all said, if you have pre-diabetes diabetes, what should you do? You should preferably meet a dietician and set a diet plan for yourself and stick to an exercise regime so that you ensure your blood glucose levels don’t increase further, putting you in the “diabetes” bracket.